Research is a fundamental component of AGA because it allows us to obtain information about the presence and distribution of the Andean cat. The coordinated work and establishment of a common database, allowed a study of population genetics of Andean cat and the development of a global distribution model for the Andean cat.

See Andean Cat distribution map

From new records of their presence in southern Argentina, it is now known that this species is not only in the high Andean environments but also in the Patagonian steppe and shrubby habitats at an altitude of 650 m. On the other hand, the study of population genetics indicates that the Andean cat has a low genetic diversity, two distinct populations that should be considered as two "Evolutionary Significant Units-UES" having been identified; one UES is the population living in the highlands and the second UES population in the Patagonian steppe.

Through the systematic use of camera traps, it has been estimated population densities of both Andean cat in northwest Argentina and central western Bolivia, which were 7 and 1.8 individuals in 100 km2 respectively. However, these values are considered low, since both areas have optimal conditions for the species habitat.

Also, sharing the results generated through camera trapping it was generated information on the activity patterns of the Andean cat. It has also been progress in the knowledge of their diet.

In 2004, based on the monitoring of an Andean cat and a Pampas cat with radio collars, home range and activity patterns and movement in southwestern Bolivia was studied; currently in northwest Argentina were placed radio collars to 5 Andean cats and 6 pampas cat.